‘Excessive Video Gaming’ in Draft as a Mental Health Condition
January 2, 2018
The World Health Organization included "excessive video gaming" in its draft of the 2018 International Classification of Diseases.
If it's included next year, video gaming would be considered a diagnosis that health professionals and insurance companies could use.
Michael Beall, director of GEAR Learning, an educational gaming development center at UW-Madison, said he believes this classification is a step backward for gaming, which he sees as a positive influence in people's lives.
"A lot of good video games nowadays have a very rich narrative," Beall said. "It's just like reading a book. People want to finish this. They want to know what happens at the end."
Madison Pre-K Benefits Student Behavior And Literacy
January 2, 2018
Students enrolled in Madison's pre-K program showed improvements in literacy and behavioral skills compared to similar students not enrolled in the program, according to a recently published study.
This is the second study from the Madison Education Partnership, which is a research partnership between the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Education and the Madison Metropolitan School District. The analysis focused on student kindergarten readiness, which was defined as literacy and behavioral skill. The behavior skills are measured through teacher reports in the first quarter of kindergarten.
Students from less advantaged homes benefited more from pre-K programs, according to the study. Eric Grodsky, UW-Madison professor and MEP co-director, said pre-K may help increase equity among students.
"Children who are African-American, who are from low income families whose parents didn’t attend or complete college seem to get fairly substantial benefits in their literacy skills from enrolling in 4K," he said. "While children who are more advantaged do just about as well if they’re in 4K or not."
Indicators for Monitoring Undergraduate STEM Education
December 14, 2017
Mark Connolly, Principal Investigator of the NSF-funded Longitudinal Study of Future STEM Scholars, is a committee member of the Board on Science and Education at The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The Committee recently released this report:
Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professionals generate a stream of discoveries and innovations that fuel job creation and national economic growth. Undergraduate STEM education prepares these professionals while teaching all students knowledge and skills that are useful across a range of jobs and in civic life.
However, many capable students who intend to major in these fields switch to another field or drop out of higher education altogether—in part because of documented weaknesses in teaching, learning, and supports for students in STEM fields. While various initiatives are now under way to improve the quality of undergraduate STEM education, policy makers and the public do not know whether these initiatives are accomplishing their goals and leading to nationwide progress.
This report identifies a set of national-level indicators to measure the status and quality of undergraduate STEM education over multiple years. The report—which was developed by a study committee of STEM faculty, administrators, education researchers, and economists—also identifies types of data that will need to be collected in order to put the indicators to use, along with possible strategies to gather this data.
Claudia Persico Featured on NPR’s Marketplace
December 12, 2017
Claudia Persico, an assistant professor in ELPA and a WCER researcher, was interviewed and contributed to an NPR Marketplace news story.
From the Marketplace website:
The Environmental Protection Agency has announced 21 new places to be deemed Superfund sites, areas with toxic pollution around the country. Being added to the Superfund list means federal officials oversee the cleanup. Yet the White House budget proposal includes a 30 percent cut for the Superfund program.
Cleveland Heights High Students Host National MSAN Conference on Closing racial Gaps in Classrooms
October 23, 2017
Earlier this month, the 2017 MSAN Student Conference, “FOCUS: Fighting Our Cause Unified in the Struggle,” was hosted by Cleveland Heights-University Heights City Schools. The Cleveland Heights community blog of Cleveland.com featured a story about the event.
Cleveland Heights High School sophomore De'Leah Gray is a student with a goal.
"I want a 4.0 GPA," she said. "I had a 3.7 last year, so I'd like to get 3.8 or higher. I want to improve."
When asked how some of her struggling classmates might reach such a lofty grade point average, or at least challenge themselves to so, Gray quickly answered, "Join MSAN."
MSAN is the Minority Student Achievement Network, established nationally in 1999 with Cleveland Heights-University Heights Schools among its 15 founding districts.
MSAN is a national coalition of mutli-racial school districts that work together. Its stated mission is to "understand and change school practices and structures that keep racial opportunity/achievement gaps in place."
Madison School District’s 4K Program Boosting Opportunity for Minority, Low-Income Youngsters
October 9, 2017
The Madison Education Partnership (MEP), a joint research project between WCER and the Madison Metropolitan School District (MMSD), recently released a report on the state of 4-year-old-kindergarten programs in the district. The findings were recently featured in the Wisconsin State Journal.
New research shows the Madison School District’s 4-year-old-kindergarten program is enrolling a greater share of minority and low-income children, potentially boosting opportunity for historically disadvantaged youths as more 4K participants overall go on to district kindergarten.
But there’s room for improvement as well, as about 20 percent of Madison public schools’ 4K graduates still attend kindergarten in a different district.
“The substantial number of students who participate in 4K but move on thereafter may represent a sizable loss in district enrollment worth addressing,” said the report from the Madison Education Partnership, a joint research practice between the district and UW-Madison School of Education’s Wisconsin Center for Education Research.
Over the program’s start, from 2012-13 to 2016-17, the district’s overall 4K participation rate has risen from 67 percent to 72 percent of the district’s entering kindergartners, and is 5 to 10 percentage points higher among African-American and Latino students, low-income students and students who are English language learners.
“That shows they’re doing a good job of reaching out to kids from diverse backgrounds,” said Eric Grodsky, a UW-Madison associate professor and co-director of the research partnership.
Summit on Barriers Faced by Black Male Students Comes to Toronto
October 4, 2017
The 6th Annual International Colloquium on Black Males in Education (ICBME), organized by Wisconsin's Equity and Inclusion Laboratory (Wei LAB) and the Todd Anthony Bell National Resource Center on the African American Male at The Ohio State University, begins today in Toronto.
Black students in Toronto drop out of school more often than their white peers, face significantly more suspensions, and are more than twice as likely to be streamed into applied level courses in early high school.
Amid mounting concern about those documented trends, a global summit is taking place in Toronto this week to address what organizers describe as common barriers around the world, particularly for Black males.
The “stark reality” of lower academic achievement transcends borders and calls for shared strategies between countries, says Jerlando Jackson, professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and chair of the International Colloquium on Black Males in Education.
UW Study: Wisconsin Children Unequally Ready for Kindergarten
October 4, 2017
Eric Grodsky, WCER researcher and UW–Madison professor of sociology and educational policy studies, was recently interviewed by Wisconsin Public Radio about 4k readiness.
Wisconsin has the nation’s widest gaps between white and black students when it comes to high school graduation rates, and fourth grade math and reading scores. And according to a new study conducted by the Wisconsin Center for Education Research, these gaps may partly be a result of disparities in school readiness as children are entering Kindergarten.
New WEDC Position to Coordinate Statewide Talent Attraction Efforts
October 4, 2017
Matt Hora, director of the Center for Research on College-Workforce Transitions (CCWT), was quoted in the Wisconsin State Journal on a new position being created at the Wisconsin Economic Development Corp.
Wisconsin has historically struggled to attract people to the state and to keep college graduates who aren’t from here originally. According to a 2016 UW-Madison report, among bachelor’s degree alumni from the previous decade who were originally from Wisconsin, 78 percent still lived in Wisconsin, while only 9 percent originally from other places remained.
Meanwhile, about 60 percent of UW System graduates participate in internships before graduation, Brukardt said. UW System president Ray Cross has set a goal of 100 percent of graduates participating in internships before graduation, recognizing that early interaction with local businesses could increase the chance that UW graduates stay in the state.
However, the Wisconsin Center for Education Research at UW-Madison recently found the overall design of most internship programs around the world to be haphazard and inconsistent, and that it takes considerable resources to make an internship program effective.
“Trying to knit together some closer relationships is not a bad thing in terms of regional workforce development and boosting local entrepreneurs,” said Matt Hora, director of WCER’s Center for Research on College-Workforce Transitions. “It’s something that should be pursued, just not at the expense of the other educational missions of the colleges and universities in the System.”
Big Data Transforms Education Research
October 3, 2017
Martin Nystrand, Professor of Education Emeritus, and collaborators were recently featured in Education Next.
“Machine Learning” to Track Student Learning
Enter the machines. What if we didn’t need to have graduate students crouching in the back of classrooms in order to catalog the play-by-play of classroom instruction? What if, instead, we could capture the action with a video camera or, better yet from a privacy perspective, a microphone? And what if we could gather that information not just for an hour or two, but all day, 180 days a year, in a big national sample of schools? And what if we could then use the magic of machine learning to have a computer figure out what the reams of data all mean?
This possibility is much closer than you might imagine, thanks to a group of professors who are teaching computers to capture and code classroom activities. Sidney D’Mello is an associate professor in the departments of psychology and computer science at the University of Notre Dame. He and collaborators Sean Kelly (University of Pittsburgh), Andrew Olney (University of Memphis), and Martin Nystrand (University of Wisconsin-Madison) are interested in helping teachers learn how to ask better questions, as research has long demonstrated that high-quality questioning can lead to better engagement and higher student achievement. They also want to show teachers examples of good and bad questions. But putting live humans in hundreds of classrooms, watching lessons unfold while coding teachers’ questions and students’ responses, would be prohibitively costly in both time and money.
So D’Mello and his team decided to teach a computer how to do the coding itself. They start by capturing high-quality audio with a noise-canceling wireless headset microphone worn by the teacher. Another mike is propped on the teacher’s desk or blackboard, where it records students’ speech, plus ambient noise of the classroom. They take the audio files and run them through several speech-recognition programs, producing a transcript. Then their algorithm goes to work, looking at both the transcript and the audio files (which have markers for intonation, tempo, and more) to match codes provided by human observers.
‘No Surprises’ Policies Between School Districts and Universities: The Surprising Reality
October 2, 2017
The Madison Education Partnership (MEP)—a research-practice partnership between the Madison Metropolitan School District (MMSD) and the Wisconsin Center for Education Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison—was recently featured in Education Week.
The Madison Education Partnership has had a busy year. We have put organizational structures in place, taken on new research both internally and through supporting faculty projects, and engaged our two organizations and greater community in a discussion of early childhood options and school readiness. Now, we have reached an exciting time: researchers have findings to release and district staff can't wait to learn more. We have articulated a clear "no surprises" policy and created a process map for dissemination. Should be easy, right?
In my capacity at the school district, I have seen how research dissemination works there. Over the years, I have learned how to get findings from my office, the Research & Program Evaluation Office (RPEO), to district leadership, schools, and the community. I know which decision-makers must see it, how much ownership they need to have (from just wanting an FYI to editing text), and the various checkpoints that must be reached in a particular order to make it to the end. Navigating that process has become second-nature to the RPEO team. As a co-director of the partnership, I figured the process would be that much easier for our MEP team. We have someone on the inside (me), who knows the ins and outs of getting things done in our district. No surprises? No problem — we have this covered.
Matthew T. Hora: Opposing UW Cultural Diversity Courses Hurts State’s Workforce Development
September 26, 2017
Matt Hora, director of the Center for Research on College-Workforce Transitions (CCWT), recently published an op-ed in the Captial Times.
One of the sticking points in recent deliberations about the 2017-2019 biennial budget was a complaint by several Republican representatives about funding for "diversity, sensitivity, and cultural fluency" courses at University of Wisconsin campuses. Of course, opposition to such courses is nothing new, and is often framed as a waste of taxpayer resources that is advancing a "politically correct agenda of liberal administrators and staff."
But based on my research about the skills employers seek in today's job applicants, it is clear that Republican hostility to these courses is detrimental to Wisconsin's ability to educate and train a competitive workforce. In fact, opposition to multicultural education in the state's public colleges and universities will negatively impact one company in particular: Foxconn.
MSAN Featured in Education Week
September 6, 2017
Minority Student Achievement Network (MSAN) was recently featured in the Education Week article, "Moving Beyond Building Practitioner Capacity to Mutual Learning in Research-Practice Partnerships."
From Gap Filling to Co-Construction and Learning
Building capacity in a partnership can be framed as filling gaps in practitioners' knowledge and skills. This view calls to mind Paulo Freire's concept of "banking education," where researchers deposit knowledge into practitioners' heads which practitioners passively accept. It privileges a one-way pathway, where researchers produce knowledge that practitioners consume in more or less skilled ways. This view also sometimes brings a deficit orientation towards practitioners, limiting their role as only that of consumers of research and knowledge.
We find partnerships can be rich places for dialogue and co-construction of research and policy solutions. Here, both research and practice expertise is valued. Practitioners are active partners who bring extensive expertise related to content, pedagogy, and how to work within complex educational systems. In partnerships, practitioners are knowledge generators, too. For instance, in the Strategic Education Research Partnership's work with the Minority Student Achievement Network, teacher co-designers played a critical role in designing, testing, and redesigning instructional materials to support Algebra learning.
Further, the learning in a partnership is not one-sided: RPPs also aim to build the capacity of researchers to engage in more practice-relevant work and to impact local policies and programs. They can contribute to researchers learning new research methods to pursue practice questions. For example, in the Seattle-Renton STEM partnership with the University of Washington, researchers learned new social network analysis methods in response to the district's interest in documenting the broader influence of resources beyond those teachers immediately involved in the project. More broadly, though, partnership work can lead to shifts in researchers' understanding of problems in education, in their own research agenda, and in how they orient to research. All involved in a partnership stand to learn from the work together, not only practitioners.
Jackson Discusses Whether Men are the New College Minority
August 18, 2017
Jerlando Jackson, the director of Wisconsin’s Equity and Inclusion Laboratory in the Wisconsin Center for Education Research, was recently a guest on Wisconsin Public Radio's Joy Cardin Show to discuss a recent report from Carlow University that showed that women outnumbered men by more than six to one during the Fall 2016 enrollment.
Similarly, the US Department of Education reports that women will makeup more than 56 percent of the nation’s students on campuses this upcoming school year. Dr. Jackson explains why men are enrolling at lower rates, whether this trend will shift and what it will take to bridge the gender gap across America’s higher learning institutions.
Jackson Quoted in Education Dive on Why Prospective College Students Don’t Expect to Graduate
August 8, 2017
Jerlando Jackson, the director of Wisconsin’s Equity and Inclusion Laboratory in the Center for Education Research, quoted in Education Dive.
A pair of recently released surveys suggests that half of the nation’s high school students feel academically unprepared for college, while half of the students entering their postsecondary education are anxious that they may not graduate, suggesting a variety of stressors could keep them from attaining a diploma.
The concerns incoming students have about their college career can be a significant challenge for higher education institutions in supporting students when they arrive in school and throughout their college career. Dr. Jerlando Jackson, the director of the University of Wisconsin’s Equity and Inclusion Laboratory in the Center for Education Research, said colleges and universities that recognize how important a student’s first year can be can assist students in crises of academic preparation and confidence.
“You see that in places where there are Summer Bridge programs in place, a real orientation where they talk about the key aspects of the transition process, and they have first year student programs and initiatives and support services to recognize the real challenges in place,” he said. “That first year experience is very critical.”